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  2. 醫院手術室凈化運行的事項

    來源:http://www.bristolbakestress.com/ 發布時間:2021-11-13
    實驗室規劃建設須執行國家現行有關安全、衛生、輻射防護、環境保護法規和規定。放射性物質貯存場所,應設置防盜門、防盜窗及報警裝置等設施。下面就來講講實驗室規劃建設時要防火、防化學危害事項。
    The laboratory design must comply with the current national laws and regulations on safety, health, radiation protection and environmental protection. Anti-theft doors, anti-theft windows, alarm devices and other facilities shall be set in the storage place of radioactive substances. Let's talk about the fire prevention and chemical hazard prevention in the planning and construction of the laboratory.
    防火與疏散
    Fire prevention and evacuation
    科學實驗建筑的防火設計除須符合國家現行的建筑設計防火規范外,尚應符合以下規定:
    The fire protection design of scientific experimental buildings shall comply with the following provisions in addition to the current national fire protection code for building design:
    1.由一個以上標準單元組成的通用實驗室的安全出口不宜少于兩個。
    1. The safety exit of the general laboratory composed of more than one standard unit should not be less than two.
    2.有貴重儀器設備的實驗室的隔墻應采用耐火極限不低于1h的非燃燒體。
    2. The partition wall of the laboratory with valuable instruments and equipment shall be non-combustible with a fire resistance limit of not less than 1h.
    3.易發生火災、爆炸、化學品傷害等事故的實驗室的門宜向疏散方向開啟。
    3. The door of the laboratory prone to fire, explosion, chemical injury and other accidents should be opened in the direction of evacuation.
    防化學危害
    Chemical hazard prevention
    1.凡進行對人體有害氣體、蒸汽、氣味、煙霧、揮發物質等實驗工作的實驗室,應設置通風柜。
    1. A fume hood shall be set up in the laboratory where the harmful gases, vapors, odors, smoke, volatile substances and other experimental work are carried out.
    2.凡經常使用強酸、強堿、有化學品燒傷危險的實驗室,在出口就近處宜設置應急噴淋器及應急眼睛沖洗器。
    2. For laboratories that often use strong acids, strong alkalis and have the risk of chemical burns, emergency sprinklers and emergency eye washers should be installed near the exit.
    3.放射性同位素實驗室的廢氣、廢液、固體廢物的處理及處置應符合國家現行有關規范的規定。
    3. The treatment and disposal of waste gas, liquid waste and solid waste in radioisotope laboratories shall comply with the provisions of the current national regulations.
    實驗室規劃建設
    4.含汞的實驗室應設置特制的通風柜。該類實驗室的地面、樓面、墻面、頂棚、實驗臺、門、窗等均應采用不開裂、不吸附、不滲漏的材料,并應設有集汞槽、溝、瓶等設施。地面、樓面應有不小于1%的坡度,地溝、地漏應具有收集散失汞的功能,室內下部應設排風口。
    4. The laboratories containing mercury should be equipped with special fume hoods. The floor, floor, wall, ceiling, test bench, door and window of this kind of laboratory shall be made of non-cracking, non-adsorption and non-leakage materials, and shall be equipped with mercury collection tank, ditch, bottle and other facilities. The ground and floor should have a gradient of not less than 1%, the gutter and floor drain should have the function of collecting lost mercury, and the lower part of the room should be equipped with exhaust outlets.
    5.須存放少量日常使用的化學危險品的實驗室,應設置24h持續通風的專用化學品貯存柜或通風柜。
    5. The laboratory that must store a small amount of dangerous chemicals for daily use should be equipped with a special chemical storage cabinet or fume hood with continuous ventilation for 24 hours.
    此外部分實驗室會產生的廢棄物有廢液、廢氣、廢物。雖然實驗室排放的廢棄物相對生產車間要少得多,但是作為一名分析人員,我們有必要從自我做起,從每一點做起來保護我們身邊的環境。關注我們網站http://www.bristolbakestress.com,了解更多事項!
    In addition, some laboratories will produce waste liquid, waste gas and waste. Although the waste discharged by the laboratory is much less than that of the production workshop, as an analyst, we need to start from ourselves and protect the environment around us from every point. Follow our website http://www.bristolbakestress.com , learn more!
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